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|Title: ||Endring og motstand mot endring av femininiteter og maskuliniteter i idrett og kroppskultur i Norge 1890-1950 - med et sideblikk på Tyskland, Sverige og Danmark : en feministisk analyse av et empirisk materiale|
|Authors: ||Lippe, Gerd von der|
|Issue Date: ||1997 |
|Abstract: ||The title is "Changing Fernininities and Masculinities in Sport
and Body Cultures in Norway: 1890-1950 - with a Sideglance to
Germany, Sweden and Denmark. A Feminist Analysis of an empirical
Focus is on the construction of gender in handball, track and
field, gymnasties, skiing, skating, riding, swimming, tennis,
fencing, rowing and marching.
The following material is analysed from 1890 till 1950:
National newspapers, sports magazines, womens magazines,
magazines of local sports clubs in Oslo and Akershus, board
meetings of different organized sports and those of Oslo and
Akershus, the committee of doctors, central committees of women
and also in different sports federations, the Journal of
Norwegian Medical Association, German sports periodicals in track
and field and gymnastics in addition to written rules of
handlball in Norway, Germany, Sweden and Denmark.
15 former athletes, leaders and coaches are interviewed, 14 of
which in a qualitative manner.
The theoretical perspectives are hegemonic masculinity with a
feminist emphasis, Bourdieu' s terms habitus and field in addition
to a feminist focus on the body. A social-semiotic analysis of
texts are used where metaphors and symbols are in focus. The
relation sex-gender is deconstructed in a creative manner and
moderately reconstruced in the logics of modernity with a
Construction of gender in different sports fields and cultures
are stories of variations, some contradictions, but with clearcut
structures of the males as the "natural" sporting bodies in
all sports except handball. Here female athletes might be
interpreted as the gender of first order, whereas the males were
the leaders, coaches and referees. The gender of the males were,
however, never featured as "destiny" in handball, because their
bodies were never ridiculed in the press as those of the females
were for example in track and field, skiing and marching.
Further, female bodies in gymnastics, swimming and riding were
never depicted as "destiny" .
The construction of the female gender as the second sex-gender
or as subordinated is not regarded as a priori category but
formed and forming in different periods and contexts.|
|Document type: ||PhD thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||Institutt for idretts- og friluftslivsfag|
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